Reading and Phonics

Reading is central to every child’s development

Bredbury Green Primary school believes that reading is central to a child’s understanding of the school curriculum and is of vital importance in life. Fluent readers can access a full range of life experiences and can enjoy a breadth of genres and writers.

At Bredbury Green, we aim to develop a love and appreciation of reading which will stay with our children for life. We aim to use relevant and appropriate high level texts and resources within English lessons.


Progression in phonics skills and knowledge are taught following the recommendations of the Primary National Strategy ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme. Other resources and strategies are used when appropriate to ensure a multi-sensory teaching approach.

All children in Reception and KS1 receive a 30-minute discrete phonics session every day. The children are taught in phase groups across the key stage. The children’s progress is regularly assessed and they move through the phases at their own pace.

Phonic Session Cycle

Each phonics session will have a set structure as outlined below (as recommended in ‘Letters and Sounds’):

Revisit and review

■ Practise previously learned letters

■ Practise oral blending and segmentation


■ Teach a new letter

■ Teach blending and/or segmentation with letters (weeks 2 and 3)

■ Teach one or two tricky words (week 3 onwards)


■ Practise reading and/or spelling words with the new letter


■ Read or write a caption (with the teacher) using one or more high-frequency words and words containing the new letter (week 3 onwards)

Developing word recognition and language comprehension skills

In EY and KS1 the priority is given to securing the development of word recognition skills.

Children are taught:

  • grapheme-phoneme (letter/sound) correspondences (the alphabetic principle) in a clearly defined, incremental sequence.
  • to apply the highly important skill of blending (synthesising) phonemes in order, all through a word to read it.
  • to apply the skills of segmenting words into their constituent phonemes to spell them.
  • that blending and segmenting are reversible processes.
  • To achieve this there is high quality teaching of Phonics.

Teaching of Reading

English at Bredbury Green is taught in a cycle over 3-4 weeks. This consists of a reading week, grammar focused week and then a writing week. During the writing week the children draft and edit a written outcome.

For reading, children are exposed to high quality texts often linked to the child-led topic. The learning focus for the lessons during the reading week is taken from the reading content domains of the National Curriculum for KS1 and KS2, and for EY using Development Matters reading objectives:


Prior learning and assessment of pupils is taken into account and informs future planning so gaps are addressed diagnostically.

Below is a representation of the teaching cycle for English, including reading:

Reading Opportunities at Bredbury Green

Individual needs of pupils will always be taken into account. Some children will require individual or small group reading with an adult to support early skills e.g. decoding, blending. This will enable all children at Bredbury Green to become fluent, confident readers and thus develop a love of reading.

We have a well-stocked library at school, as well as many reading books, so children have the opportunity to access books during lessons to support learning and to borrow books to take home. Book bags are provided for all children when they start school in Reception and again at the start of KS2.

Reading buddies from Upper KS2 are used to support the younger children with decoding and fluency skills. The older children are encouraged to communicate reading strategies to their younger peers such as finding cues and using phonic skills as well as engaging in conversation about the stories. We feel this is a positive learning experience for all involved.


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Education Learning Trust. Registered address: Hawthorn Road, Gatley, Cheadle, Cheshire, SK8 4NB. A charitable company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number: 09142319)